Antagonism between Camptothecin and Topoisomerase II-directed Chemotherapeutic Agents in a Human Leukemia Cell Line

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Abstract

To search for possible synergy between topoisomerase (topo) IIdirected chemotherapeutic agents and topo I-directed agents, 111-60 human progranulocytic leukemia cells were incubated with etoposide in the absence or presence of camptothecin (CPT). Treatment of HL-60 cells for l h with 15-20 MMetoposide resulted in the death of 99-99.9% of the cells as assessed by colony formation in soft agar. Unexpectedly, simultaneous incubation with 1 MMCPT increased the survival of etoposide- treated cells as much as 30-fold. Inhibition of etoposide cytotoxicity was observed at CPT concentrations as low as 0.01 MMand was one-half maximal at 0.1 MM.CPT also antagonized the cytotoxicity of 4'-(9- acridinylamino)methanesulfon-M-anisidide and daunorubicin, two struc turally unrelated topo II-directed agents. Topotecan, a CPT analogue currently undergoing Phase I clinical trials, had a similar effect. Studies using an alkaline unwinding assay (to measure DNA strand breaks) and Western blotting (to assess formation of covalent adducts involving topo II) revealed that CPT did not alter the ability of etoposide to stabilize topo II-DNA adducts. CPT is a potent inhibitor of both DNA and RNA synthesis. To further assess the mechanism by which CPT diminished the cytotoxicity of topo II-directed agents, inhibitors of DNA synthesis or RNA synthesis were substituted for CPT. Aphidicolin, an inhibitor of replicative DNA polymerases, enhanced the survival of etoposide-treated HL-60 cells <3-fold. Incontrasi, inhibitors of RNA synthesis (cordycepin or 5,6-dichloro-l-/?-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole) enhanced the survival of etoposide-treated HL-60 cells as much as 20-fold. The potential biological and therapeutic implications of these results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1129-1136
Number of pages8
JournalCancer research
Volume51
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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