Wild-type and splice-variant secretin receptors in lung cancer: Overexpression in carcinoid tumors and peritumoral lung tissue

Meike U. Körner, Gregory M. Hayes, Patricia E. Carrigan, Ruth Rehmann, Laurence J. Miller, Jean C. Reubi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gastrointestinal peptide hormone receptors, like somatostatin receptors, are often overexpressed in human cancer, allowing receptor-targeted tumor imaging and therapy. A novel candidate for these applications is the secretin receptor recently identified in pancreatic and cholangiocellular carcinomas. In the present study, secretin receptors were assessed in a non-gastrointestinal tissue, the human lung. Non-small-cell lung cancers (n=26), small-cell lung cancers (n=10), bronchopulmonary carcinoid tumors (n=29), and non-neoplastic lung (n=46) were investigated for secretin receptor protein expression with in vitro receptor autoradiography, using 125I-[Tyr10] rat secretin and for secretin receptor transcripts with RT-PCR. Secretin receptor protein expression was found in 62% of bronchopulmonary carcinoids in moderate to high density, in 12% of non-small cell lung cancers in low density, but not in small cell lung cancers. In tumors found to be secretin receptor positive by autoradiography, RT-PCR revealed transcripts for the wild-type secretin receptor and for novel secretin receptor splice variants. In the non-neoplastic lung, secretin receptor protein expression was observed in low density along the alveolar septa in direct tumor vicinity in cases of acute inflammation, but not in histologically normal lung. In the autoradiographically positive peritumoral lung, RT-PCR showed transcripts for the wild-type secretin receptor and for a secretin receptor spliceoform different from those occurring in lung and gut tumors. In conclusion, secretin receptors are new markers for bronchopulmonary carcinoid tumors, and represent the molecular basis for an in vivo targeting of carcinoid tumors for diagnosis and therapy. Furthermore, secretin receptors may play a role in peritumoral lung pathophysiology. Secretin receptor mis-splicing specifically occurs in tumor and non-tumor lung pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-395
Number of pages9
JournalModern Pathology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

Keywords

  • Carcinoid tumor
  • Lung
  • RT-PCR
  • Receptor autoradiography
  • Secretin receptor
  • Splice variant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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