Trastuzumab has significantly improved the overall survival of patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer (MBC). However, outcomes can vary, with patients progressing within 1 year of treatment or exceptional cases of complete response to trastuzumab for ≥10 years. Identification of the underlying genomic aberrations of “exceptional responders (ExRs)” compared to “rapid non-responders (NRs)” increases our understanding of the mechanisms involved in MBC progression and identification of biomarkers of trastuzumab response and resistance. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on six ExRs compared to five NR. The overall fraction of genome copy number alteration (CNA) burden was higher in NR patients (P = 0.07), while more significantly pronounced in copy number gains (P = 0.03) in NR compared to ExRs. Delineation of the distribution of CNA burden across the genome identified a greater degree of CNA burden in NR within Chr8 (P = 0.02) and in Chr17 (P = 0.06) and conferred a statistically significant benefit in overall survival. Clinical trial number: NCT01722890 [ICORG 12/09].
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||British journal of cancer|
|State||Published - Oct 13 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research