Varus-valgus constrained insert with posterior-stabilized femoral components in complex primary total knee arthroplasties

A. K. Limberg, C. C. Wyles, M. J. Taunton, Arlen Dale Hanssen, M. W. Pagnano, Matthew P. Abdel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims Varus-valgus constrained (VVC) devices are typically used in revision settings, often with stems to mitigate the risk of aseptic loosening. However, in at least one system, the VVC insert is compatible with the primary posterior-stabilized (PS) femoral component, which may be an option in complex primary situations. We sought to determine the implant survivorship, radiological and clinical outcomes, and complications when this VVC insert was coupled with a PS femur without stems in complex primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). Methods Through our institution’s total joint registry, we identified 113 primary TKAs (103 patients) performed between 2007 and 2017 in which a VVC insert was coupled with a standard cemented PS femur without stems. Mean age was 68 years (SD 10), mean BMI was 32 kg/m2 (SD 7), and 59 patients (50%) were male. Mean follow-up was four years (2 to 10). Results The five-year survivorship free from aseptic loosening was 100%. The five-year survivorship free from any revision was 99%, with the only revision performed for infection. The five-year survivorship free from reoperation was 93%. The most common reoperation was treatment for infection (n = 4; 4%), followed by manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA; n = 2; 2%). Survivorship free from any complication at five years was 90%, with superficial wound infection as the most frequent (n = 4; 4%). At most recent follow-up, two TKAs had non-progressive radiolucent lines about both the tibial and femoral components. Knee Society Scores improved from 53 preoperatively to 88 at latest follow-up (p < 0.001). Conclusion For complex primary TKA in occasional situations, coupling a VVC insert with a standard PS femur without stems proved reliable and durable at five years. Longer-term follow-up is required before recommending this technique more broadly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-925
Number of pages5
JournalBone and Joint Open
Volume2
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Instability
  • Posterior-stabilized (PS)
  • Primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA)
  • Stems
  • Varus-valgus constraint (VVC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

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