Background - Germline mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene on chromosome 5 causes familial adenomatous polyposis. 'Attenuated' phenotype has been reported with mutation in the 5' end of the gene (5' to codon 158), but genotype-phenotype relations at the 3' end (3' to codon 1596) have not been described fully. Aims - To describe and compare colorectal and extracolonic phenotypes in a case series of families with mutation in the 3' end of the APC gene. Methods - Thirty one at risk or affected members from four families with a mutation in the APC gene located at codon 1979 or 2644 were evaluated. Results - Variable intrapedigree colorectal phenotype was observed: some members at older age had oligopolyposis (fewer than one hundred colorectal adenomas) whereas other members had classic polyposis at young age. Colorectal cancer was diagnosed at older mean age (50 (7) years) in the four families than in classic FAP pedigrees (39 (14) years). Extracolonic lesions characteristic of FAP occurred with 3' APC mutations, but variability in intrapedigree and interpedigree extracolonic phenotype and dissociation of severity of extracolonic manifestations from number of colorectal polyps was noted. Conclusions - Families with 3' mutations of the APC gene exhibit variable intrapedigree phenotype similar to the heterogeneity noted in families with proximal 5' mutations. Genotyping of FAP and oligopolyposis pedigrees can guide appropriate surveillance of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract in affected members.
- Adenomatous polyposis cob gene mutation
- Attenuated adenomatous polyposis coli
- Extracolonic lesions
- Familial adenomatous polyposis
ASJC Scopus subject areas