Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory - II in a low-income African American sample of medical outpatients

Karen B. Grothe, Gareth R. Dutton, Jamie Bodenlos, Martin Ancona, Glenn N. Jones, Phillip J. Brantley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

The psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory - II (BDI-II) are well established with primarily Caucasian samples. However, little is known about its reliability and validity with minority groups. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the BDI-II in a sample of low-income African American medical outpatients (N = 220). Reliability was demonstrated with high internal consistency (.90) and good item-total intercorrelations. Criterion-related validity was demonstrated. A confirmatory factor analysis supported a hierarchical factor structure in which the BDI-II reflected 2 first-order factors (Cognitive and Somatic) that in turn reflected a second-order factor (Depression). These results are consistent with previous findings and thus support the use of the BDI-II in assessing depressive symptoms for African American patients in a medical setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-114
Number of pages5
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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