Utility of an automatic adaptive iterative metal artifact reduction AiMAR algorithm in improving CT imaging of patients with hip prostheses evaluated for suspected bladder malignancy

Payam Mohammadinejad, Ashish Khandelwal, Akitoshi Inoue, Hiroaki Takahashi, Mariana Yalon, Zaiyang Long, Ahmed F. Halaweish, Shuai Leng, Lifeng Yu, Yong S. Lee, Cynthia H. McCollough, Joel G. Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the utility of a novel metal artifact reduction algorithm to standard imaging in improving visualization of key structures, diagnostic confidence, and patient-level confidence in malignancy in patients with suspected bladder cancer. Methods: Patients with hip implants undergoing CT urography for suspected bladder malignancy were enrolled. Images were reconstructed using 3 methods: (1) Filtered Back Projection (FBP), (2) Iterative Metal Artifact Reduction (iMAR), and (3) Adaptive Iterative Metal Artifact Reduction (AiMAR) strength 4. In multiple reading sessions, three radiologists graded visualization of critical anatomic structures and artifact severity (6-point scales, lower scores desirable), and diagnostic confidence in blinded fashion. They also graded patient-level confidence in malignancy based on imaging findings in each patient. Results: Thirty-two patients (8 females) with a mean age of 74.5 ± 8.5 years were included. The median (range) visualization scores for FBP, iMAR, and AiMAR were 3.6 (1.1–4.9), 1.6 (0.3–2.8), and 1.6 (0.3–2.6), respectively. Both iMAR and AiMAR had anatomic visualization and artifact scores better than FBP (P < 0.001 for both) and similar to each other (P > 0.05). Structures with the most improvement in visualization score with the use of metal artifact reduction algorithms included the obturator internus muscle, internal and external iliac nodal chains, and vagina. iMAR and AiMAR improved diagnostic confidence (P < 0.001) and patient-level confidence in malignancy (P≤ 0.24). Conclusion: For patients with hip prostheses and suspected bladder malignancy, the use of iMAR or AiMAR was shown to significantly reduce metal artifacts, thus improving diagnostic confidence and patient-level confidence in malignancy. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAbdominal Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty
  • Artifacts
  • Bone-implant interface
  • Hip
  • Replacement
  • Tomography
  • Urography
  • X-Ray computed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

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