Use of teriparatide prior to lumbar fusion surgery lowers two-year complications for patients with poor bone health

Yagiz U. Yolcu, Jad Zreik, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Nathan R. Wanderman, Bayard C. Carlson, Ahmad Nassr, Jeremy L. Fogelson, Benjamin D. Elder, Brett A. Freedman, Mohamad Bydon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Poor bone health can create challenges in management which are amplified for patients undergoing spinal fusion. Although previously shown to improve outcomes postoperatively, the impact of preoperative teriparatide use on long-term complications remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the complication rates within two years of surgery for osteoporotic and osteopenic patients using teriparatide prior to lumbar fusion procedures. Methods: Patients with poor bone health undergoing any lumbar fusion surgery at a single institution between 2008 and 2018 were identified and subsequently divided into two groups as teriparatide and non-teriparatide group. Baseline demographics, patient and surgery related factors, and two-year complications were collected through a retrospective chart review. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association between teriparatide usage and development of any related postoperative complication. Results: A total of 42 and 114 patients were identified for the teriparatide and non-teriparatide groups, respectively. The median age (IQR) for the teriparatide group was 62 years (55.8−68.8), while the non-teriparatide group had a median (IQR) age of 70 years (64−75.8). Overall, there were no statistically significant differences in terms of individual complications between the groups. However, on adjusted regression analysis, teriparatide use was associated with significantly lower odds of related complications for lumbar fusion patients (p = 0.049). Conclusion: Teriparatide use prior to lumbar fusion procedures resulted in reduced rate of osteoporosis-related complications within two years postoperatively. Results suggest improved outcomes might be seen in patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis when pre-treating with teriparatide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106244
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume198
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Lumbar fusion
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis
  • PJK
  • PTH
  • Pseudoarthrosis
  • Teriparatide
  • VCF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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