Changes in the nonlinear parameter B/A caused by the addition of monohydric alcohols to water have been investigated. The measurements, made by using an aqueous solution of n-propanol, isopropanol, and t-butanol, show that as the alcohol concentration is increased, B/A decreases to a minimum at approximately 10% concentration (by volume). Further increase in alcohol concentration raises B/A rapidly to a maximum at about 80% by volume. This complex variation in B/A is attributed to solute-solvent interaction which is believed to be due to an enhancement of water structure in the water-rich region. These results suggest that the magnitude of B/A may be closely related to the quasilattice structure of water, which to a first approximation can be expressed by relative amounts of bound and unbound water.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics