Two-Step Senescence-Focused Cancer Therapies

Cynthia J. Sieben, Ines Sturmlechner, Bart van de Sluis, Jan M. van Deursen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Damaged cells at risk of neoplastic transformation can be neutralized by apoptosis or engagement of the senescence program, which induces permanent cell-cycle arrest and a bioactive secretome that is implicated in tumor immunosurveillance. While from an evolutionary perspective senescence is beneficial in that it protects against malignancies, the accumulation of senescent cells in tissues and organs with aging and at sites of various pathologies is largely detrimental. Because induction of senescence in cancer cells is emerging as a therapeutic concept, it will be important to consider these detrimental effects, including tumor-promoting properties that may drive the formation of secondary tumors or cancer relapse. In this review we discuss the complex relationship between senescence and cancer, and highlight important considerations for therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-737
Number of pages15
JournalTrends in Cell Biology
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • SASP
  • cancer therapy
  • cellular senescence
  • senotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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