Store depletion has been shown to induce Ca2+ entry by Na+/Ca+ exchange (NCX) 1 reversal in proliferative vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The study objective was to investigate the role of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels in store depletion and NCX1 reversal in proliferative VSMCs. In cultured VSMCs, expressing TRPC1, TRPC4, and TRPC6, the removal of extracellular Na+ was followed by a significant increase of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration that was inhibited by KBR, a selective NCX1 inhibitor. TRPC1 knockdown significantly suppressed store-operated, channel-mediated Ca2+ entry, but TRPC4 knockdown and TRPC6 knockdown had no effect. Separate knockdown of TRPC1, TRPC4, or TRPC6 did not have a significant effect on thapsigargin-initiated Na+ increase in the peripheral regions with KBR treatment, but knockdown of both TRPC4 and TRPC6 did. Stromal interaction molecule (STIM)1 knockdown significantly reduced TRPC4 and TRPC6 binding. The results demonstrated that TRPC4-TRPC6 heteromultimerization linked Ca2+ store depletion and STIM1 accumulation with NCX reversal in proliferative VSMCs.
- Na+/Ca2+ exchange
- store-operated calcium channels
- transient receptor potential canonical
- vascular smooth muscle cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas