Angiogenesis and inflammation are regarded as important factors in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation, cancer, and wound healing. Recent studies have supported prior evidence that common signaling pathways are involved in angiogenesis and inflammatory responses; however, key factors controlling both processes remain unclear. Although tripartite motif-containing (TRIM)-28 is known to have an immunosuppressive role in immune cells, its expression level and role in endothelial cells (ECs) are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of TRIM28 ininflammatory responses and angiogenic activity of ECs for the first time. Weshowed thatTRIM28is the most abundant TRIM family member and is localized in nuclei of ECs. Small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of TRIM28 strikingly suppressed expression of TNF receptor (TNFR)-1 and -2, decreased TNFα-induced phosphorylation of IKKα/β and IκBα and degradation of IκBα and nuclear translocation of p65, and suppressed basal level and TNF-α-induced expression of chemokines and adhesion molecules, including VCAM-1, IL-6, ICAM-1, E-selectin, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. Unexpectedly, IL-8 was potentiated by TRIM28 knockdown in ECs in an NF-κB-inducing kinase-dependent manner. Meanwhile, knockdown of TRIM28 inhibited expression of VEGF receptor 2 and suppressed VEGF-induced proliferation and tube formation by ECs. Finally, knockdown of TRIM28 suppressed recruitment of ECs in vivo in a murine synthetic basement membrane model. In summary, we found that TRIM28 acts as a central factor in controlling endothelial inflammatory responses and angiogenic activities by retaining expression of TNFR-1 and -2 and VEGF receptor 2 in ECs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology