Trends of complications and innovative techniques’ utilization for colectomies in the United States

Mohamed A. Abd El Aziz, Fabian Grass, Kevin T. Behm, Sherief Shawki, Anne Lise D’Angelo, Kellie L. Mathis, David W. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite an increasing trend towards utilization of minimally invasive approaches (MIS), results regarding their safety profile are contradictory. All patients who underwent elective colectomy for any underlying disease with an identifiable operative approach available from the targeted colectomy files of the ACS-NSQIP PUFs 2013 to 2018 were included. The trend of utilization and complication rates of the different operative approaches (open, laparoscopic, robotic) were assessed during the inclusion period. Furthermore, overall, surgical, and medical complications were compared between the three approaches. The study cohort included 78,987 patients. Of them, 12,335 (15.6%) patients underwent open, 57,874 (73.3%) laparoscopic, and 8,778 (11.1%) robotic surgery. There was an increasing trend towards the utilization of robotic surgery (2.5% increase per year) at the expense of the other approaches. With the increasing trend toward the utilization of the robotic approach, a decreasing trend in overall and surgical complications and length of stay was observed. After adjusting for the baseline confounders, robotic surgery was associated with shorter length of stay, lower rate of overall (OR 0.397; p < 0.05 compared to open and OR: 0.763; p < 0.05 compared to laparoscopy) and surgical complications (OR: 0.464; p < 0.05 compared to open and OR: 0.734; p < 0.05 compared to laparoscopy). This study revealed an increasing trend toward the utilization of MIS for elective colectomy in the US. Robotic surgery was associated with a decreasing trend in overall and surgical morbidity and length of stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUpdates in Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Colectomy
  • Laparoscopic
  • Open
  • Robotic
  • Surgical complications
  • Trend analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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