Trends in the Use of Laparoscopy and Robotics for Colorectal Cancer in Florida

Osayande Osagiede, Aaron Spaulding, Jordan J. Cochuyt, James M Naessens, Amit Merchea, Dorin T. Colibaseanu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopy and more recently robotics are increasingly used for colorectal cancer surgery in the United States. We examined the current trends of minimally invasive surgical resections for colorectal cancer in Florida. Methods: The Florida Inpatient Discharge Dataset was used to examine the clinical data of patients who underwent elective surgery for colorectal cancer during 2013-2015. Multivariate analyses were performed to compare patient characteristics associated with the use of open and minimally invasive surgeries. Results: A total of 10,513 patients were analyzed; 5451 (52%) had open surgery, 4403 (42%) laparoscopy, and 659 (6%) robotic surgery. The rates of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) increased from 46.95% in 2013 to 48.72% in 2015. Among minimally invasive surgical procedures, the use of robotics increased from 9.82% in 2013 to 15.48% in 2015. Metastatic cancer (odds ratio [OR] 0.61, confidence interval [CI] 0.55-0.67), Elixhauser score of 3-5 (OR 0.85, CI 0.76-0.95) or more than 5 (OR 0.78, CI 0.63-0.97), Medicaid insurance (OR 0.73, CI 0.6-0.89), Black race (OR 0.88, CI 0.77-0.99), and rural residence (OR 0.83, CI 0.69-0.99) were associated with lower odds of MIS than open surgery. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the overall rates of MIS for colorectal cancer in Florida increased from 2013 to 2015. Socially deprived and very sick patient populations with colorectal cancer are less likely to undergo MIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)926-933
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Keywords

  • colorectal cancer
  • Florida
  • laparoscopy
  • retrospective study
  • robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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