Trends in patch-test results and allergen changes in the standard series: A Mayo Clinic 5-year retrospective review (January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010)

Ashley B. Wentworth, James A. Yiannias, James H. Keeling, Matthew R. Hall, Michael J. Camilleri, Lisa A. Drage, Rochelle R. Torgerson, Debra D. Fett, Amy V. Prakash, Leigh Ann Scalf, Eve M. Allen, Janis S. Johnson, Nidhi Singh, Diane L. Nordberg Linehan, Jill M. Killian, Mark D.P. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Patch testing is essential for identification of culprits causing allergic contact dermatitis. Objective We sought to identify trends and allergen changes in our standard series during 2006 to 2010, compared with our previous report (2001-2005). Methods We conducted a retrospective review of patch-test results. Results A total of 3115 patients were tested with a mean of 73.0 allergens. Since our prior report, 8 allergens were added to the standard series; 14 were deleted. Significantly higher rates of allergic positive reaction were documented for carba mix, 3%, and Disperse Orange 3, 1%. Rates were lower for 10 allergens: neomycin sulfate, 20%; gold sodium thiosulfate, 0.5%; hexahydro-1,3,5-tris(2-hydroxyethyl)triazine, 1%; disperse blue 124, 1%; disperse blue 106, 1%; diazolidinyl urea, 1%; hexylresorcinol, 0.25%; diazolidinyl urea, 1% aqueous; 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol, 0.25%; and lidocaine, 5%. Many final patch-test readings for many allergens were categorized as mild reactions (erythema only). Overall allergenicity and irritancy rates declined significantly since our prior report. Results were generally comparable with those in a North American Contact Dermatitis Group report from 2005 to 2006. Limitations This was a retrospective study; there is a lack of long-term follow-up. Conclusions Since our previous report, our standard series composition has changed, and overall rates of allergenicity and irritancy have decreased. Notably, many final patch-test readings showed mild reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-275.e4
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • allergens/diagnostic use
  • allergic contact/diagnosis
  • allergic contact/etiology
  • dermatitis
  • patch tests/methods
  • retrospective studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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    Wentworth, A. B., Yiannias, J. A., Keeling, J. H., Hall, M. R., Camilleri, M. J., Drage, L. A., Torgerson, R. R., Fett, D. D., Prakash, A. V., Scalf, L. A., Allen, E. M., Johnson, J. S., Singh, N., Nordberg Linehan, D. L., Killian, J. M., & Davis, M. D. P. (2014). Trends in patch-test results and allergen changes in the standard series: A Mayo Clinic 5-year retrospective review (January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010). Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 70(2), 269-275.e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2013.09.047