TRANSPORT AND TURNOVER OF DOPAMINE‐β‐HYDROXYLASE (EC 1.14.2.1) IN SYMPATHETIC NERVES OF THE RAT

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Abstract

Axoplasmic transport of dopamine‐β‐hydroxylase (DBH), a marker enzyme for catecholamine storage vesicles, was studied in sympathetic nerves of the rat. At 24 h after ligation of the sciatic nerve, there was a marked accumulation of DBH activity in the first 3 mm proximal to the ligature. Immediately distal to the ligature, a slight accumulation took place. Accumulation proximal to the ligature was a linear function of time for at least 6 h; the velocity of transport was calculated as 4.6 mm/h. Local application of 1 ·l of 0.1 M colchicine, caused a rapid increase in DBH activity in superior cervical ganglia. This increase remained linear for 22 h and its rate indicated a turnover time of 12 h for DBH in these ganglia. After application of colchicine to the ganglia, there was a decrease in DBH activity in the submaxillary salivary glands. The initial rate of this decrease was less than the rate of increase in the ganglia and probably reflected the normal turnover of the enzyme. Our results indicated that the turnover time for DBH in salivary glands ranged between 3.6 and 6.3 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2183-2193
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1972

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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