Transcriptional control of the yeast PDR5 gene by the PDR3 gene product

David J. Katzmann, Patrick E. Burnett, John Golin, Yannick Mahé, W. Scott Moye-Rowley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

171 Scopus citations

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells possess the ability to simultaneously acquire resistance to an array of drugs with different cytotoxic activities. The genes involved in this acquisition are referred to as pleiotropic drug resistant (PDR) genes. Several semidominant, drug resistance-encoding PDR mutations have been found that map near the centromere on chromosome II, including PDR3-1 and PDR4-1. DNA sequencing of chromosome II identified a potential open reading frame, designated YBL03-23, that has the potential to encode a protein with strong sequence similarity to the product of the PDR1 gene, a zinc sinc finger-containing transcription factor. Here we show that YBL03-23 is allelic with PDR3. The presence of a functional copy of either PDR1 or PDR3 is essential for drug resistance and expression of a putative membrane transporter-encoding gene, PDR5. Deletion mapping of the PDR5 promoter identified a region from -360 to -112 that is essential for expression of this gene. DNase I footprinting analysis using bacterially expressed Pdr3p showed specific recognition by this protein of at least one site in the -360/-112 interval in the PDR5 promoter. A high-copy-number plasmid carrying the PDR3 gene elevated resistance to both oligomycin and cycloheximide. Increasing the number of PDR3 gene copies in a Δpdr5 strain increased oligomycin resistance but was not able to correct the cycloheximide hypersensitivity that results from loss of PDR5. These data are consistent with the notion that PDR3 acts to increase cycloheximide resistance by elevating the level of PDR5 transcription, while PDR3-mediated oligomycin resistance acts through some other target gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4653-4661
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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