The current study evaluated the results of total knee arthroplasty for the treatment of isolated patellofemoral degenerative arthritis. Between 1980 and 1997, 31 total knee arthroplasties were done in 24 patients with advanced, isolated patellofemoral arthritis. The average followup was 5.2 years (range, 2-12 years). There was a significant improvement in the mean preoperative Knee Society pain and function scores. Twenty-one knees required a lateral retinacular release and three knees required additional formal proximal realignment at the time of the total knee arthroplasty. There were three reoperations in this series including, manipulation for poor motion in one patient; revision of a loose patellar component in one patient; and extensor mechanism realignment in the third patient. At midterm followup, total knee arthroplasty proved to be reliable and durable in alleviating pain and improving function in this group of patients with isolated, advanced patellofemoral arthritis. Surgeons should be made aware, however, that resurfacing of the patella and balancing the extensor mechanism for patients with isolated patellofemoral arthritis can be demanding technically as evidenced by the high rate of asymmetrically resurfaced patellas, the high rate of lateral retinacular release, and formal realignment procedures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine