Purpose: Dixon-based fat suppression has recently gained interest for dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, but multi-echo techniques require longer scan times and reduce temporal resolution compared to single-echo alternatives without fat suppression. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate accelerated single-echo Dixon imaging with high spatial and temporal resolution. Theory and Methods: Real-valued water and fat images can be obtained from a single measurement if the shared initial phase and that due to DB0 are assumed known a priori. An expression for simultaneous sensitivity encoding (SENSE) unfolding and fat-water separation is derived for the general undersampling case, and simplified under the special case of uniform Cartesian undersampling. In vivo experiments were performed in extremities and brain with SENSE acceleration factors of up to R = 8. Results: Single-echo Dixon reconstruction of highly undersampled data was successfully demonstrated. Dynamic contrast-enhanced water and fat images provided high spatial and temporal resolution dynamic images with image update times shorter than previous single-echo Dixon work. Conclusion: Time-resolved contrast-enhanced MRI with single-echo Dixon fat suppression shows high image quality, improved vessel delineation, and reduced sensitivity to motion when compared to time-subtraction methods.
- constrained phase
- contrast-enhanced MR angiography
- single echo
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging