Oxaliplatin, a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent, is associated with both acute and chronic neurotoxicity. Chronic sensory neuropathy can be dose limiting and may have detrimental effects on patients' quality of life. Preclinical studies provide an understanding of the pathophysiology of chemotherapy- induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and may be important for developing effective preventative interventions. In this issue of the JCI, Coriat and colleagues used an animal model and a human pilot trial to evaluate the use of mangafodipir to reduce CIPN. Although many pilot clinical studies have reported promising data, larger clinical trials have repeatedly been unable to confirm these preliminary results. Thus, no agents are currently clinically recommended for the prevention of CIPN.
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