Increased nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activity is associated with increased tumor cell survival in multiple myeloma. The function of NF-κB is inhibited through binding to its inhibitor, IκB. Release of activated NF-κB follows proteasome-mediated degradation of IκB resulting from phosphorylation of the inhibitor and, finally, conjugation with ubiquitin. We report that myeloma cells have enhanced IκBα phosphorylation and increased NF-κB activity compared with normal hematopoietic cells. The proteasome inhibitor PS-341 blocked nuclear translocation of NF-κB, blocked NF-κB DNA binding, and demonstrated consistent antitumor activity against chemoresistant and chemosensitive myeloma cells. The sensitivity of chemoresistant myeloma cells to chemotherapeutic agents was markedly increased (100,000-1,000,000-fold) when combined with a noncytotoxic dose of PS-341 without affecting normal hematopoietic cells. Similar effects were observed using a dominant negative super-repressor for IκBα. Thus, these results suggest that inhibition of NF-κB with PS-341 may overcome chemoresistance and allow doses of chemotherapeutic agents to be markedly reduced with antitumor effects without significant toxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research