The pancreatitis-associated protein VMP1, a key regulator of inducible autophagy, promotes krasG12D-mediated pancreatic cancer initiation

C. Loncle, M. I. Molejon, S. Lac, J. I. Tellechea, G. Lomberk, L. Gramatica, M. F. Fernandez Zapico, N. Dusetti, R. Urrutia, J. L. Iovanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both clinical and experimental evidence have firmly established that chronic pancreatitis, in particular in the context of Kras oncogenic mutations, predisposes to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the repertoire of molecular mediators of pancreatitis involved in Kras-mediated initiation of pancreatic carcinogenesis remains to be fully defined. In this study we demonstrate a novel role for vacuole membrane protein 1 (VMP1), a pancreatitis-associated protein critical for inducible autophagy, in the regulation of Kras-induced PDAC initiation. Using a newly developed genetically engineered model, we demonstrate that VMP1 increases the ability of Kras to give rise to preneoplastic lesions, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PanINs). This promoting effect of VMP1 on PanIN formation is due, at least in part, by an increase in cell proliferation combined with a decrease in apoptosis. Using chloroquine, an inhibitor of autophagy, we show that this drug antagonizes the effect of VMP1 on PanIN formation. Thus, we conclude that VMP1-mediated autophagy cooperate with Kras to promote PDAC initiation. These findings are of significant medical relevance, molecules targeting autophagy are currently being tested along chemotherapeutic agents to treat PDAC and other tumors in human trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2295
JournalCell Death and Disease
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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    Loncle, C., Molejon, M. I., Lac, S., Tellechea, J. I., Lomberk, G., Gramatica, L., Fernandez Zapico, M. F., Dusetti, N., Urrutia, R., & Iovanna, J. L. (2016). The pancreatitis-associated protein VMP1, a key regulator of inducible autophagy, promotes krasG12D-mediated pancreatic cancer initiation. Cell Death and Disease, 7(7), [e2295]. https://doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2016.202