The aim of our study was to review our experience with transabdominal gastroplasty to determine the safety and short-term efficacy of the procedure. Retrospective review of all patients that underwent transabdominal hiatal hernia repair with concurrent gastroplasty for shortened esophagus between October 1999 and May 2004. There were 63 patients, 27 men and 36 women. Median age was 68 years. The hiatal hernia was classified as type-I in 6 patients, type-II in 10, type-III in 43, and type-IV in 4. The operative approach was laparoscopic in 44 patients and laparotomy in 19. A Nissen fundoplication was performed in 62 patients and a Toupet fundoplication in 1. Wedge gastroplasty was performed in 47 patients and modified Collis gastroplasty in 16. Median hospitalization was 3 days (range, 2-10). Intraoperative complications occurred in 11 patients (17%). One laparoscopic approach (2%) was converted to laparotomy. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 patients (19%), there were no operative deaths. Median follow-up was 12 months (range, 0 to 64). One patient (2%) was found to have a recurrent hiatal hernia diagnosed 14 months, postoperatively. Functional results were excellent in 41 (68%), good in 6 (10%), fair in 12 (20%), and poor in 1 (2%). Transabdominal gastroplasty can be performed safely, with good functional results and a low incidence of recurrent herniation during the short-term follow-up period.
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