The IL-15 receptor α chain cytoplasmic domain is critical for normal IL-15Rα function but is not required for trans-presentation

Zheng Wu, Hai Hui Xue, Jérôme Bernard, Rong Zeng, Dmitry Issakov, Julie Bollenbacher-Reilley, Igor M. Belyakov, Sang Kon Oh, Jay A. Berzofsky, Warren J. Leonard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

IL-15 is critical for natural killer (NK) - cell development and function and for memory CD8+ T-cell homeostasis. The IL-15 receptor consists of IL-15Rα, IL-2Rβ, and the common cytokine receptor γ chain (γ c). IL-15Rα is known to "trans-present" IL-15 to an IL-2Rβ/γ c heterodimeric receptor on responding cells to initiate signaling. To investigate the importance of the IL-15Rα cytoplasmic domain, we generated a chimeric receptor consisting of the extracellular domain of IL-15Rα and intracellular do-main of IL-2Rα (IL-15Rα ext/IL-2Rα int) and examined its function in 32D cells, in knock-in (KI) mice, and in adoptive-transfer experiments. The chimeric protein exhibited decreased cell-surface expression, and KI mice exhibited diminished NK, NKT, and CD8 + T-cell development and defects in T-cell functional responses. However, 32D cells expressing the chimeric receptor had less IL-15 - induced proliferation than wild-type (WT) transfectants with similar levels of IL-15Rα expression, indicating a signaling role for the IL-15Rα cytoplasmic domain beyond its effect on expression, and demonstrating that the IL-2Ra and IL-15Rα cytoplasmic domains are functionally distinct. Interestingly, adoptive-transfer experiments indicated that the chimeric IL-15Rα ext/ IL- 2Rα int receptor still supports trans-presentation. These experiments collectively indicate that IL-15Rα can act in cis in addition to acting in transto present IL-15 to responding cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4411-4419
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume112
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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    Wu, Z., Xue, H. H., Bernard, J., Zeng, R., Issakov, D., Bollenbacher-Reilley, J., Belyakov, I. M., Oh, S. K., Berzofsky, J. A., & Leonard, W. J. (2008). The IL-15 receptor α chain cytoplasmic domain is critical for normal IL-15Rα function but is not required for trans-presentation. Blood, 112(12), 4411-4419. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2007-03-080697