The histone methyltransferase MMSET regulates class switch recombination

Huadong Pei, Xiaosheng Wu, Tongzheng Liu, Kefei Yu, Diane F. Jelinek, Zhenkun Lou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a genetic disease with characteristic facial features and developmental disorders. Of interest, loss of the MMSET gene (also known as WHSC1) is considered to be responsible for the core phenotypes of this disease. Patients with WHS also display Ab deficiency, although the underlying cause of this deficiency is unclear. Recent studies suggest that the histone methyltransferase activity of MMSET plays an important role in the DNA damage response by facilitating the recruitment of 53BP1 to sites of DNA damage. We hypothesize that MMSET also regulates class switch recombination (CSR) through its effect on 53BP1. In this study, we show that MMSET indeed plays an important role in CSR through its histone methyltransferase activity. Knocking down MMSET expression impaired 53BP1 recruitment as well as the germline transcription of the Igh switch regions, resulting in defective CSR but no effect on cell growth and viability. These results suggest that defective CSR caused by MMSET deficiency could be a cause of Ab deficiency in WHS patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-763
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume190
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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