The Epstein-Barr virus oncoprotein latent membrane protein 1 engages the tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated proteins TRADD and receptor- interacting protein (RIP) but does not induce apoptosis or require RIP for NF-κB activation

Kenneth M. Izumi, Ellen Cahir McFarland, Adrian T. Ting, Elisabeth A. Riley, Brian Seed, Elliott D. Kieff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

A site in the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) transforming protein LMP1 that constitutively associates with the tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1)- associated death domain protein TRADD to mediate NF-κB and c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation is critical for long-term lymphoblastoid cell proliferation. We now find that LMP1 signaling through TRADD differs from TNFR1 signaling through TRADD. LMP1 needs only 11 amino acids to activate NF- κB or synergize with TRADD in NF-κB activation, while TNFR1 requires ~70 residues. Further, LMP1 does not require TRADD residues 294 to 312 for NF- κB activation, while TNFR1 requires TRADD residues 296 to 302. LMP1 is partially blocked for NF-κB activation by a TRADD mutant consisting of residues 122 to 293. Unlike TNFR1, LMP1 can interact directly with receptor- interacting protein (RIP) and stably associates with RIP in EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines. Surprisingly, LMP1 does not require RIP for NF- κB activation. Despite constitutive association with TRADD or RIP, LMP1 does not induce apoptosis in EBV-negative Burkitt lymphoma or human embryonic kidney 293 cells. These results add a different perspective to the molecular interactions through which LMP1, TRADD, and RIP participate in B-lymphocyte activation and growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5759-5767
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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