The reduction of elevated low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations in patients with Type II hyperlipoproteinemia leads to improved cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Two agents which may be of value in treating hypercholesterolemia are mevinolin and neomycin. Since these drugs lower cholesterol levels through complementary mechanisms, we evaluated the effects of mevinolin and combined mevinolin-neomycin treatment on plasma lipoprotein concentrations in 21 type II hyperlipoproteinemic patients. Mevinolin reduced total and LDL cholesterol concentrations by 24% and 31% respectively (P < 0.001) and 81% of the patients reduced their LDL cholesterol levels to less than 200 mg/dl. Although the addition of neomycin to mevinolin treatment further lowered total (5%) and LDL (4%) cholesterol concentrations, it also reduced HDL cholesterol levels (19%) (P < 0.05). Therefore mevinolin normalizes the plasma lipid concentrations in patients with type II hyperlipoproteinemia and combined mevinolin and neomycin treatment offers no advantage over mevinolin-only therapy. In addition, these findings emphasize the importance of determining the HDL cholesterol level to fully evaluate the effects of hypolipidemic therapy.
- High density lipoproteins
- Low density lipoproteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine