The caspase inhibitor IDN-6556 prevents caspase activation and apoptosis in sinusoidal endothelial cells during liver preservation injury

Shiho Natori, Hajime Higuchi, Patricia Contreras, Gregory James Gores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cold ischemia (CI)-warm reperfusion (WR) liver injury remains a problem in liver transplantation. CI-WR initially causes sinusoidal endothelial cell (SEC) apoptosis through a caspase-dependent mechanism. We previously showed that the caspase inhibitor IDN-1965 prevents CI-WR-induced SEC apoptosis. However, this agent required to be administered to the donor, preservation solution, and recipient for efficacy. Here, we show that a second-generation caspase inhibitor, IDN-6556, effectively prevents CI-WR-induced SEC injury when added only to University of Wisconsin (UW) cold storage media. Rat livers were stored in UW solution for 24 hours at 4°C and reperfused for 1 hour at 37°C. Apoptosis was quantitated using terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and caspase 3 activation determined by biochemical measurement and immunohistochemical analysis. Pan-caspase inhibitors (IDN-8066, IDN-7503, IDN-7436, IDN-1965, and IDN-6556) were applied at preischemic, cold preservation, or reperfusion periods. TUNEL-positive SEC and caspase 3-like activity in the liver was increased by CI-WR. Three caspase inhibitors (IDN-8066, IDN-1965, and IDN-6556) effectively attenuated SEC apoptosis and caspase 3 activation. The most potent inhibitor, IDN-6556, reduced SEC apoptosis and caspase 3 activity by 55% and 94%, respectively. Prevention of SEC apoptosis by IDN-6556 was not reduced when this agent was administered only during the cold preservation period. When added to the preservation solution, the caspase inhibitor IDN-6556 appears to be a feasible therapeutic agent against ischemia-reperfusion injury in liver transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-284
Number of pages7
JournalLiver Transplantation
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Fingerprint

Caspase Inhibitors
Caspases
Cold Ischemia
Endothelial Cells
Apoptosis
Reperfusion
Liver
Wounds and Injuries
Caspase 3
Transferases
Reperfusion Injury
Liver Transplantation
3-(2-(2-tert-butylphenylaminooxalyl)aminopropionylamino)-4-oxo-5-(2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenoxy)pentanoic acid
N-((1,3-dimethylindole-2-carbonyl)-valinyl)-3-amino-4-oxo-5-fluoropentanoic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

Cite this

The caspase inhibitor IDN-6556 prevents caspase activation and apoptosis in sinusoidal endothelial cells during liver preservation injury. / Natori, Shiho; Higuchi, Hajime; Contreras, Patricia; Gores, Gregory James.

In: Liver Transplantation, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.03.2003, p. 278-284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Cold ischemia (CI)-warm reperfusion (WR) liver injury remains a problem in liver transplantation. CI-WR initially causes sinusoidal endothelial cell (SEC) apoptosis through a caspase-dependent mechanism. We previously showed that the caspase inhibitor IDN-1965 prevents CI-WR-induced SEC apoptosis. However, this agent required to be administered to the donor, preservation solution, and recipient for efficacy. Here, we show that a second-generation caspase inhibitor, IDN-6556, effectively prevents CI-WR-induced SEC injury when added only to University of Wisconsin (UW) cold storage media. Rat livers were stored in UW solution for 24 hours at 4°C and reperfused for 1 hour at 37°C. Apoptosis was quantitated using terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and caspase 3 activation determined by biochemical measurement and immunohistochemical analysis. Pan-caspase inhibitors (IDN-8066, IDN-7503, IDN-7436, IDN-1965, and IDN-6556) were applied at preischemic, cold preservation, or reperfusion periods. TUNEL-positive SEC and caspase 3-like activity in the liver was increased by CI-WR. Three caspase inhibitors (IDN-8066, IDN-1965, and IDN-6556) effectively attenuated SEC apoptosis and caspase 3 activation. The most potent inhibitor, IDN-6556, reduced SEC apoptosis and caspase 3 activity by 55{\%} and 94{\%}, respectively. Prevention of SEC apoptosis by IDN-6556 was not reduced when this agent was administered only during the cold preservation period. When added to the preservation solution, the caspase inhibitor IDN-6556 appears to be a feasible therapeutic agent against ischemia-reperfusion injury in liver transplantation.",
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AB - Cold ischemia (CI)-warm reperfusion (WR) liver injury remains a problem in liver transplantation. CI-WR initially causes sinusoidal endothelial cell (SEC) apoptosis through a caspase-dependent mechanism. We previously showed that the caspase inhibitor IDN-1965 prevents CI-WR-induced SEC apoptosis. However, this agent required to be administered to the donor, preservation solution, and recipient for efficacy. Here, we show that a second-generation caspase inhibitor, IDN-6556, effectively prevents CI-WR-induced SEC injury when added only to University of Wisconsin (UW) cold storage media. Rat livers were stored in UW solution for 24 hours at 4°C and reperfused for 1 hour at 37°C. Apoptosis was quantitated using terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and caspase 3 activation determined by biochemical measurement and immunohistochemical analysis. Pan-caspase inhibitors (IDN-8066, IDN-7503, IDN-7436, IDN-1965, and IDN-6556) were applied at preischemic, cold preservation, or reperfusion periods. TUNEL-positive SEC and caspase 3-like activity in the liver was increased by CI-WR. Three caspase inhibitors (IDN-8066, IDN-1965, and IDN-6556) effectively attenuated SEC apoptosis and caspase 3 activation. The most potent inhibitor, IDN-6556, reduced SEC apoptosis and caspase 3 activity by 55% and 94%, respectively. Prevention of SEC apoptosis by IDN-6556 was not reduced when this agent was administered only during the cold preservation period. When added to the preservation solution, the caspase inhibitor IDN-6556 appears to be a feasible therapeutic agent against ischemia-reperfusion injury in liver transplantation.

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