The arterial anatomy of the medial femoral condyle and its clinical implications

H. Yamamoto, D. B. Jones, S. L. Moran, A. T. Bishop, A. Y. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

The success of vascularized bone grafts from the medial femoral condyle in various clinical applications has sparked renewed interest in the microvascular anatomy of this region. This study describes the arterial supply of the distal medial femoral condyle and its implications in harvesting vascularized bone grafts. The location, branching pattern, internal diameter, and distribution of perforators of the descending genicular artery and superior medial genicular artery in 19 fresh cadaveric lower limbs were recorded. The descending genicular artery was present in 89% and the superior medial genicular artery was present in 100% of specimens with average distances proximal to the articular surface of 13.7 cm and 5.2 cm, respectively. The average number of perforating vessels was greatest in the posterior distal quadrant of the condyle. The blood supply of the medial femoral condyle is plentiful and consistent making it a useful source for free vascularized bone grafts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-574
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery: European Volume
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Arterial anatomy
  • Medial femoral condyle
  • Vascularized bone graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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