The arterial anatomy of the medial femoral condyle and its clinical implications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The success of vascularized bone grafts from the medial femoral condyle in various clinical applications has sparked renewed interest in the microvascular anatomy of this region. This study describes the arterial supply of the distal medial femoral condyle and its implications in harvesting vascularized bone grafts. The location, branching pattern, internal diameter, and distribution of perforators of the descending genicular artery and superior medial genicular artery in 19 fresh cadaveric lower limbs were recorded. The descending genicular artery was present in 89% and the superior medial genicular artery was present in 100% of specimens with average distances proximal to the articular surface of 13.7 cm and 5.2 cm, respectively. The average number of perforating vessels was greatest in the posterior distal quadrant of the condyle. The blood supply of the medial femoral condyle is plentiful and consistent making it a useful source for free vascularized bone grafts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-574
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery: European Volume
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Thigh
Anatomy
Bone and Bones
Knee
Arteries
Transplants
Lower Extremity
Joints

Keywords

  • Arterial anatomy
  • Medial femoral condyle
  • Vascularized bone graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{df36af60670d46bf8ae7f342fe76becc,
title = "The arterial anatomy of the medial femoral condyle and its clinical implications",
abstract = "The success of vascularized bone grafts from the medial femoral condyle in various clinical applications has sparked renewed interest in the microvascular anatomy of this region. This study describes the arterial supply of the distal medial femoral condyle and its implications in harvesting vascularized bone grafts. The location, branching pattern, internal diameter, and distribution of perforators of the descending genicular artery and superior medial genicular artery in 19 fresh cadaveric lower limbs were recorded. The descending genicular artery was present in 89{\%} and the superior medial genicular artery was present in 100{\%} of specimens with average distances proximal to the articular surface of 13.7 cm and 5.2 cm, respectively. The average number of perforating vessels was greatest in the posterior distal quadrant of the condyle. The blood supply of the medial femoral condyle is plentiful and consistent making it a useful source for free vascularized bone grafts.",
keywords = "Arterial anatomy, Medial femoral condyle, Vascularized bone graft",
author = "H. Yamamoto and Jones, {D. B.} and Moran, {Steven Lawrence} and Bishop, {Allen Thorp} and Shin, {Alexander Yong-Shik}",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1177/1753193410364484",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "569--574",
journal = "Hand",
issn = "1558-9447",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The arterial anatomy of the medial femoral condyle and its clinical implications

AU - Yamamoto, H.

AU - Jones, D. B.

AU - Moran, Steven Lawrence

AU - Bishop, Allen Thorp

AU - Shin, Alexander Yong-Shik

PY - 2010/9

Y1 - 2010/9

N2 - The success of vascularized bone grafts from the medial femoral condyle in various clinical applications has sparked renewed interest in the microvascular anatomy of this region. This study describes the arterial supply of the distal medial femoral condyle and its implications in harvesting vascularized bone grafts. The location, branching pattern, internal diameter, and distribution of perforators of the descending genicular artery and superior medial genicular artery in 19 fresh cadaveric lower limbs were recorded. The descending genicular artery was present in 89% and the superior medial genicular artery was present in 100% of specimens with average distances proximal to the articular surface of 13.7 cm and 5.2 cm, respectively. The average number of perforating vessels was greatest in the posterior distal quadrant of the condyle. The blood supply of the medial femoral condyle is plentiful and consistent making it a useful source for free vascularized bone grafts.

AB - The success of vascularized bone grafts from the medial femoral condyle in various clinical applications has sparked renewed interest in the microvascular anatomy of this region. This study describes the arterial supply of the distal medial femoral condyle and its implications in harvesting vascularized bone grafts. The location, branching pattern, internal diameter, and distribution of perforators of the descending genicular artery and superior medial genicular artery in 19 fresh cadaveric lower limbs were recorded. The descending genicular artery was present in 89% and the superior medial genicular artery was present in 100% of specimens with average distances proximal to the articular surface of 13.7 cm and 5.2 cm, respectively. The average number of perforating vessels was greatest in the posterior distal quadrant of the condyle. The blood supply of the medial femoral condyle is plentiful and consistent making it a useful source for free vascularized bone grafts.

KW - Arterial anatomy

KW - Medial femoral condyle

KW - Vascularized bone graft

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78649906397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78649906397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1753193410364484

DO - 10.1177/1753193410364484

M3 - Article

C2 - 20237188

AN - SCOPUS:78649906397

VL - 35

SP - 569

EP - 574

JO - Hand

JF - Hand

SN - 1558-9447

IS - 7

ER -