Telling the Patient's Story: Using theatre training to improve case presentation skills

Rachel R. Hammer, Johanna D. Rian, Jeremy K. Gregory, J. Michael Bostwick, Candace Barrett Birk, Louise Chalfant, Paul D Scanlon, Daniel K. Hall-Flavin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A medical student's ability to present a case history is a critical skill that is difficult to teach. Case histories presented without theatrical engagement may fail to catch the attention of their intended recipients. More engaging presentations incorporate 'stage presence', eye contact, vocal inflection, interesting detail and succinct, well organised performances. They convey stories effectively without wasting time. To address the didactic challenge for instructing future doctors in how to 'act', the Mayo Medical School and The Mayo Clinic Center for Humanities in Medicine partnered with the Guthrie Theater to pilot the programme 'Telling the Patient's Story'. Guthrie teaching artists taught storytelling skills to medical students through improvisation, writing, movement and acting exercises. Mayo Clinic doctors participated and provided students with feedback on presentations and stories from their own experiences in patient care. The course's primary objective was to build students' confidence and expertise in storytelling. These skills were then applied to presenting cases and communicating with patients in a fresher, more engaging way. This paper outlines the instructional activities as aligned with course objectives. Progress was tracked by comparing pre-course and post-course surveys from the seven participating students. All agreed that the theatrical techniques were effective teaching methods. Moreover, this project can serve as an innovative model for how arts and humanities professionals can be incorporated for teaching and professional development initiatives at all levels of medical education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-22
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Humanities
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

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Teaching
Students
Medical Students
Art
Medical Education
Medical Schools
Patient Care
Medicine
Exercise
Storytelling
Doctors
Clinic
Case History
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Philosophy

Cite this

Hammer, R. R., Rian, J. D., Gregory, J. K., Bostwick, J. M., Birk, C. B., Chalfant, L., ... Hall-Flavin, D. K. (2011). Telling the Patient's Story: Using theatre training to improve case presentation skills. Medical Humanities, 37(1), 18-22. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmh.2010.006429

Telling the Patient's Story : Using theatre training to improve case presentation skills. / Hammer, Rachel R.; Rian, Johanna D.; Gregory, Jeremy K.; Bostwick, J. Michael; Birk, Candace Barrett; Chalfant, Louise; Scanlon, Paul D; Hall-Flavin, Daniel K.

In: Medical Humanities, Vol. 37, No. 1, 06.2011, p. 18-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hammer, RR, Rian, JD, Gregory, JK, Bostwick, JM, Birk, CB, Chalfant, L, Scanlon, PD & Hall-Flavin, DK 2011, 'Telling the Patient's Story: Using theatre training to improve case presentation skills', Medical Humanities, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 18-22. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmh.2010.006429
Hammer, Rachel R. ; Rian, Johanna D. ; Gregory, Jeremy K. ; Bostwick, J. Michael ; Birk, Candace Barrett ; Chalfant, Louise ; Scanlon, Paul D ; Hall-Flavin, Daniel K. / Telling the Patient's Story : Using theatre training to improve case presentation skills. In: Medical Humanities. 2011 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 18-22.
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