Advances in techniques for imaging the gut continue to drive the rapid development of modalities for diagnosing and assessing the activity of IBD. Abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance enterography have shown great potential for the diagnosis of IBD and assessment of its distribution, with the benefit of avoiding radiation exposure and serving as a safe option for pregnant patients. CT enterography or CT enteroclysis, with neutral or negative contrast, seems to be a sensitive and specific modality for detecting disease in the small bowel. The role of CT or magnetic resonance colonography in patients with IBD remains uncertain and these modalities are now best reserved for patients who decline or cannot undergo standard endoscopic evaluations. Capsule endoscopy might be the most sensitive modality for the detection of mucosal small bowel disease, but its specificity remains in question. Double-balloon endoscopy is an exciting new tool that has the distinct advantage of enabling biopsy or treatment of lesions detected during the procedure. All these techniques are at the forefront of the rapidly evolving field of imaging the gut in patients with IBD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology and Hepatology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas