Targeted gene approach with biochemical assay confirms ABCD1 mutation of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy in a 62-year-old man with gait imbalance

Michelle M Mauermann, Zhiyv Niu, Deborah L. Renaud, Jennifer L. Kemppainen, Matthew J. Schultz, Christopher Jon Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a peroxisomal disorder caused by a mutation in ABCD1 gene. The three main phenotypes of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy include cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy, adrenomyeloneuropathy, and isolated primary adrenal insufficiency. More than 750 non-recurrent mutations exist throughout the coding region of the ABCD1 gene. We report a 62-year-old man with a 17-year history of progressive gait imbalance and numb feet. He had noted difficulty rising from a chair for 3 years. Examination revealed proximal lower limb weakness and length-dependent sensory loss with preservation of reflexes and unilateral Babinski sign. Electrodiagnostic evaluation confirmed a length-dependent sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy and proximal myopathy. Family history was remarkable for similar symptoms in 6 siblings. A targeted gene approach for 102 known peripheral neuropathy genes led to discovery of ABCD1 mutation confirmed by kindred evaluation and biochemical assay. This case highlights the importance of combining targeted gene approaches with functional assay confirmation especially for atypical clinical presentations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeuromuscular Disorders
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Adrenoleukodystrophy
Gait
Mutation
Genes
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Peroxisomal Disorders
Babinski's Reflex
Addison Disease
Muscular Diseases
Reflex
Foot
Siblings
Lower Extremity
Phenotype

Keywords

  • ABCD1
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy
  • Adrenomyeloneuropathy
  • Myelopathy
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Peroxisomal disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

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title = "Targeted gene approach with biochemical assay confirms ABCD1 mutation of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy in a 62-year-old man with gait imbalance",
abstract = "X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a peroxisomal disorder caused by a mutation in ABCD1 gene. The three main phenotypes of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy include cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy, adrenomyeloneuropathy, and isolated primary adrenal insufficiency. More than 750 non-recurrent mutations exist throughout the coding region of the ABCD1 gene. We report a 62-year-old man with a 17-year history of progressive gait imbalance and numb feet. He had noted difficulty rising from a chair for 3 years. Examination revealed proximal lower limb weakness and length-dependent sensory loss with preservation of reflexes and unilateral Babinski sign. Electrodiagnostic evaluation confirmed a length-dependent sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy and proximal myopathy. Family history was remarkable for similar symptoms in 6 siblings. A targeted gene approach for 102 known peripheral neuropathy genes led to discovery of ABCD1 mutation confirmed by kindred evaluation and biochemical assay. This case highlights the importance of combining targeted gene approaches with functional assay confirmation especially for atypical clinical presentations.",
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AU - Renaud, Deborah L.

AU - Kemppainen, Jennifer L.

AU - Schultz, Matthew J.

AU - Klein, Christopher Jon

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N2 - X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a peroxisomal disorder caused by a mutation in ABCD1 gene. The three main phenotypes of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy include cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy, adrenomyeloneuropathy, and isolated primary adrenal insufficiency. More than 750 non-recurrent mutations exist throughout the coding region of the ABCD1 gene. We report a 62-year-old man with a 17-year history of progressive gait imbalance and numb feet. He had noted difficulty rising from a chair for 3 years. Examination revealed proximal lower limb weakness and length-dependent sensory loss with preservation of reflexes and unilateral Babinski sign. Electrodiagnostic evaluation confirmed a length-dependent sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy and proximal myopathy. Family history was remarkable for similar symptoms in 6 siblings. A targeted gene approach for 102 known peripheral neuropathy genes led to discovery of ABCD1 mutation confirmed by kindred evaluation and biochemical assay. This case highlights the importance of combining targeted gene approaches with functional assay confirmation especially for atypical clinical presentations.

AB - X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a peroxisomal disorder caused by a mutation in ABCD1 gene. The three main phenotypes of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy include cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy, adrenomyeloneuropathy, and isolated primary adrenal insufficiency. More than 750 non-recurrent mutations exist throughout the coding region of the ABCD1 gene. We report a 62-year-old man with a 17-year history of progressive gait imbalance and numb feet. He had noted difficulty rising from a chair for 3 years. Examination revealed proximal lower limb weakness and length-dependent sensory loss with preservation of reflexes and unilateral Babinski sign. Electrodiagnostic evaluation confirmed a length-dependent sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy and proximal myopathy. Family history was remarkable for similar symptoms in 6 siblings. A targeted gene approach for 102 known peripheral neuropathy genes led to discovery of ABCD1 mutation confirmed by kindred evaluation and biochemical assay. This case highlights the importance of combining targeted gene approaches with functional assay confirmation especially for atypical clinical presentations.

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