Sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular arrhythmias following first type I myocardial infarction in the contemporary era

Mustapha Amin, Danesh Kella, Ammar M. Killu, Deepak Padmanabhan, David O. Hodge, Michael A. Golafshar, Alanna M. Chamberlain, Justin Z. Lee, Win Kuang Shen, Paul A. Friedman, Samuel J. Asirvatham, Véronique L. Roger, Bernard J. Gersh, Siva K. Mulpuru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with an increase in subsequent heart failure (HF), recurrent ischemic events, sudden cardiac arrest, and ventricular arrhythmias (SCA-VA). The primary objective of the study to determine the role of intercurrent HF and ischemic events on the development of SCA-VA following first type I MI. Methods and results: A retrospective cohort study of patients experiencing first type 1 MI in Olmsted County, Minnesota (2002-2012) was conducted by identifying patients using the medical records linkage system (Rochester epidemiology project). Patients aged ≥18 years were followed from the time of MI till death or 31 July, 2017. Intercurrent HF and ischemic events were the primary exposures following MI and their association with outcome SCA-VA was assessed. Eight hundred and sixty-seven patients (mean age was 63 ± 14.5 years; 69% male; 49.8% ST-elevation myocardial infarction) who had their first type I MI during the study period were included. Majority of acute MI patients were revascularized using percutaneous coronary intervention and bypass surgery (628 [72.43%] and 87 [10.03%] respectively). During a mean follow-up of 7.69 ± 4.17 years, HF, recurrent ischemic events and SCA-VA occurred in 155 (17.9%), 245 (28.3%), and 40 (4.61%) patients respectively. Low ejection fraction (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.93-0.98; P <.001), intercurrent HF (adjusted HR 3.11; 95% CI, 1.39-6.95; P =.006) and recurrent ischemic events (adjusted HR 3.47; 95% CI, 1.68-7.18; P <.001) were associated with subsequent SCA-VA. Conclusion: SCA-VA occurred in a small proportion of patients after MI and is associated with intercurrent HF and recurrent ischemic events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2869-2876
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • sudden cardiac death
  • type I MI
  • ventricular arrhythmias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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