Substitution of specific amino acids in insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein 5 alters heparin binding and its change in affinity for IGF-I in response to heparin

Takami Arai, Jane Clarke, Alex Parker, Walker Busby, Taek Nam, David R. Clemmons

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67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heparin binding to insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein 5 (IGFBP-5) leads to a 17-fold decrease in its affinity for IGF-I, and a region that contains several basic amino acids (ATg201-Arg218) may be involved in this affinity shift. In the present study, mutagenesis was used to analyze the effect of substitutions for basic amino acids in the Arg201-Arg218 region of IGFBP-5 on heparin-binding and the heparin-induced affinity shift. Nine mutant forms were prepared. Their association constants (Ka) for IGF-I were similar to native IGFBP-5. When 10 μg/ml of heparin was added, the Ka of native IGFBP-5 decreased 17-fold, and the Ka of the K134A/ R136A mutant decreased 16-fold. In contrast, substitutions for specific basic amino acids in the ATg201-ATg218 region decrease the affinity shift to 1.1-3.2-fold. Lys211 was especially important. When a mutant containing that single substitution was tested, heparin caused only a 2.5-fold reduction in IGF-I affinity. Affinity cross-linking studies showed that heparin was equipotent in inhibiting the formation of 125I-IGF-I-K134A/R136A mutant complexes compared to native IGFBP-5. In contrast, heparin had minimal effects on the formation of complexes between 125I-IGF-I and the other mutants. The heparin-binding activity of each mutant was determined. Four mutants, R201A/K202N, K202A/K206A/ R207A, R201A/K202N/K206N/K208N, and K211N/R214A/ K217A/R218A, had reduced heparin binding compared to native IGFBP-5. The other five mutants, including the K211N mutant, showed no change in heparin binding. The four mutants with reduced heparin binding could be dissociated from heparin-Sepharose with much lower NaCl concentrations, indicating that they had reduced affinity. These findings suggest that Arg201, Lys202, Lys206, and Arg214 are important for heparin binding. In contrast, Lys211 is not important for the binding of IGFBP-5 to heparin, but substitution for it reduced the heparin-induced affinity shift.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6099-6106
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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