Strain rate imaging for assessment of regional myocardial function: Results from a clinical model of septal ablation

Theodore P. Abraham, Rick A. Nishimura, David Holmes, Marek Belohlavek, James B. Seward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background - Regional myocardial function assessment is essential in the management of coronary artery disease (CAD). Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) by depicting local myocardial motion can potentially quantify regional myocardial function. Strain rate imaging (SRI) that depicts regional deformation is less susceptible to cardiac translation and tethering and may be superior to TDI for regional function analysis. We examined regional myocardial function using TDI and SRI in a unique clinical model of a small, discrete myocardial infarction. Method and Results - Ten patients with severely symptomatic septal hypertrophy underwent basal septal ablation via intracoronary alcohol injection and had TDI and SRI pre- and postablation. Invasive hemodynamics showed no appreciable change in global function. Peak systolic strain rate was significantly lower postablation versus preablation (-0.5 versus -1.2 s-1, P<0.001) and when comparing infarct and noninfarct areas (-0.5 versus -1.5 s-1, P<0.001). In contrast, peak systolic tissue velocities were similar pre- and postablation (3.9 versus 2.9 cm/s, P=0.16) and between infarct and noninfarct areas (2.9 versus 2.2 cm/s, P=0.13). SRI analysis demonstrated reduced systolic function in the peri-infarct zone and preserved systolic function in the remote nonischemic zone. Conclusion - In the clinical setting of a small, discrete infarct unaccompanied by changes in global function, SRI accurately depicted changes in regional function. These data suggest that SRI may be the optimal method for objective, quantitative assessment of regional myocardial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1403-1406
Number of pages4
JournalCirculation
Volume105
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2002

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Hypertrophy
Coronary Artery Disease
Hemodynamics
Myocardial Infarction
Alcohols
Injections

Keywords

  • Imaging
  • Myocardium
  • Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Strain rate imaging for assessment of regional myocardial function : Results from a clinical model of septal ablation. / Abraham, Theodore P.; Nishimura, Rick A.; Holmes, David; Belohlavek, Marek; Seward, James B.

In: Circulation, Vol. 105, No. 12, 26.03.2002, p. 1403-1406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abraham, Theodore P. ; Nishimura, Rick A. ; Holmes, David ; Belohlavek, Marek ; Seward, James B. / Strain rate imaging for assessment of regional myocardial function : Results from a clinical model of septal ablation. In: Circulation. 2002 ; Vol. 105, No. 12. pp. 1403-1406.
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