Stereotactic body radiation therapy of liver tumors: post-treatment appearances and evaluation of treatment response: a pictorial review

Mustafa M. Haddad, Kenneth W. Merrell, Christopher Hallemeier, Geoffrey B Johnson, Taofic Mounajjed, Kenneth R. Olivier, Jeff L. Fidler, Sudhakar K Venkatesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a noninvasive treatment technique for selected patients with primary liver tumors and liver-confined oligometastatic disease. Recently, SBRT has emerged as an alternative treatment option in non-surgical candidates and in whom percutaneous treatment methods are not possible or contraindicated. The experience with SBRT continues to grow. There are currently no imaging guidelines for assessment of tumor response and follow-up schedule following SBRT. SBRT produces characteristic radiation-induced changes in the treated tumor and surrounding liver parenchyma. Knowledge of these changes is essential in the interpretation of follow-up imaging and assessment of treatment response. In this review, we will describe the CT, MRI, and PET imaging findings following SBRT of both the targeted liver tumor and surrounding hepatic parenchyma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalAbdominal Radiology
StateAccepted/In press - May 11 2016



  • CT
  • Focal liver reaction
  • MRI
  • PET
  • Stereotactic body radiation therapy
  • Tumor response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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