SRD5A3 Is Required for Converting Polyprenol to Dolichol and Is Mutated in a Congenital Glycosylation Disorder

Vincent Cantagrel, Dirk J. Lefeber, Bobby G. Ng, Ziqiang Guan, Jennifer L. Silhavy, Stephanie L. Bielas, Ludwig Lehle, Hans Hombauer, Maciej Adamowicz, Ewa Swiezewska, Arjan P. De Brouwer, Peter Blümel, Jolanta Sykut-Cegielska, Scott Houliston, Dominika Swistun, Bassam R. Ali, William B. Dobyns, Dusica Babovic-Vuksanovic, Hans van Bokhoven, Ron A. WeversChristian R.H. Raetz, Hudson H. Freeze, Éva Morava, Lihadh Al-Gazali, Joseph G. Gleeson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

194 Scopus citations

Abstract

N-linked glycosylation is the most frequent modification of secreted and membrane-bound proteins in eukaryotic cells, disruption of which is the basis of the congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs). We describe a new type of CDG caused by mutations in the steroid 5α-reductase type 3 (SRD5A3) gene. Patients have mental retardation and ophthalmologic and cerebellar defects. We found that SRD5A3 is necessary for the reduction of the alpha-isoprene unit of polyprenols to form dolichols, required for synthesis of dolichol-linked monosaccharides, and the oligosaccharide precursor used for N-glycosylation. The presence of residual dolichol in cells depleted for this enzyme suggests the existence of an unexpected alternative pathway for dolichol de novo biosynthesis. Our results thus suggest that SRD5A3 is likely to be the long-sought polyprenol reductase and reveal the genetic basis of one of the earliest steps in protein N-linked glycosylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-217
Number of pages15
JournalCell
Volume142
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Chembio
  • Humdisease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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