Recent studies have demonstrated that the malignant Reed-Sternberg cells of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) secrete and are responsive to interleukin (IL)-13. We hypothesized that overexpression of a soluble IL-13 decoy receptor (sIL-13Rα2) via adenoviral-mediated gene transfer would inhibit IL-13-induced Reed-Sternberg cell proliferation. Western blot and ELISA analysis verified expression of sIL-13Rα2 in cell lysates and supernatants of AdsIL-13Rα2-transduced COS-7 cells. Treatment of two IL-13-responsive HL-derived cell lines, HDLM-2 and L-1236, with AdsIL-13Rα2-conditioned medium, resulted in the inhibition of cell proliferation, and down-regulated the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6), an important mediator of IL-13 signaling. i.v. delivery of AdsIL-13Rα2 in NOD/SCID mice with s.c. implanted HDLM-2 cells delayed tumor onset and growth while enhancing survival compared with control mice. Intratumoral administration of AdsIL-13Rα2 led to the regression or stabilization of established tumors and was associated with diminished STAT6 phosphorylation. Our data demonstrate that AdsIL-13Rα2 can suppress HL growth in vitro and in vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research