Soldier functioning under chronic stress: Effects of family member illness

H. K. Watanabe, P. S. Jensen, L. N. Rosen, J. Newby, J. E. Richters, R. M. Cortes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


The psychological functioning of soldiers with a handicapped child in the family were compared with that of soldiers without such a child through a survey of 443 soldiers. Self-report questionnaires were utilized to measure depressive symptoms, marital adjustment, social supports, stressful life events, military satisfaction, military performance, and coping. Differences between the 147 soldier-parents with a handicapped child and those without were examined using one-way analyses of variance. The results indicated that soldier-parents with a handicapped child showed significantly higher depressive symptoms, including lower scores on coping, less favorable perception of their military skills and abilities, and more pessimistic attitudes about their long-term military career options, than did the comparison group. Differences in marital satisfaction were not found. Also, perceived social supports played a significantly greater role in buffering the effects of stress on marital adjustment among families with a handicapped child than among those without.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-461
Number of pages5
JournalMilitary medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Watanabe, H. K., Jensen, P. S., Rosen, L. N., Newby, J., Richters, J. E., & Cortes, R. M. (1995). Soldier functioning under chronic stress: Effects of family member illness. Military medicine, 160(9), 457-461.