Sodium selenite inhibits interleukin-6-mediated androgen receptor activation in prostate cancer cells via upregulation of c-Jun

Mozammel H. Gazi, Aiyu Gong, Krishna V. Donkena, Charles Y.F. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


Background: It has been suggested that interleukin-6 (IL-6) may modulate androgen receptor (AR) action to accelerate prostate cancer (PCa) progression. Selenium compounds are highly recommended as a promising chemopreventive agent for PCa. This study was to determine if selenium can repress IL-6 mediated AR action in PCa progression. Methods: Cell proliferation, prostate-specific antigen, gene transfer, and Western blot assays were used to study the effects of sodium selenite and methylseleninic acid on IL-6 mediated AR action on an AR expressing human prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP. Results: We found that sodium selenite, but not methylseleninic acid, significantly (p < 0.05) inhibited IL-6-induced trans-activating activity of AR and cell proliferation in LNCaP cells. Interestingly, although sodium selenite did not show effect on activation of both STAT3 and ERK1/2 in the presence of IL-6, an increased expression of c-Jun was detected in cells after treatment with sodium selenite. Indeed, we showed overexpression of c-Jun blocked IL-6-induced AR activation. Conclusions: Taken together, our results suggest that sodium selenite not methylseleninic acid can inhibit IL-6-mediated AR activation by increased c-Jun in LNCaP cells. Sodium selenite may be a proper selenium form for further testing its potency on intervening IL-6-mediated PCa progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 1 2007



  • Androgen independent growth
  • IL-6
  • Prostate cancer
  • Selenium
  • c-Jun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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