Recent studies have demonstrated an effect of neurotrophins, particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), on airway contractility [ via increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i] and remodeling (ASM proliferation and extracellular matrix formation) in the context of airway disease. In the present study, we examined the role of BDNF in allergen-induced airway inflammation using 2 transgenic models: 1) tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) conditional knockin (TrkBKI) mice allowing for inducible, reversible disruption of BDNF receptor kinase activity by administration of 1NMPP1, a PP1 derivative, and 2) smooth muscle-specific BDNF knockout (BDNFfl/fl/SMMHC11Cre/0) mice. Adult mice were intranasally challenged with PBS or mixed allergen ( Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus fumigatus, house dust mite, and ovalbumin) for 4 wk. Our data show that administration of 1NMPP1 in TrkBKI mice during the 4-wk allergen challenge blunted airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and reduced fibronectin mRNA expression in ASM layers but did not reduce inflammation per se. Smooth muscle-specific deletion of BDNF reduced AHR and blunted airway fibrosis but did not significantly alter airway inflammation. Together, our novel data indicate that TrkB signaling is a key modulator of AHR and that smooth muscle-derived BDNF mediates these effects during allergic airway inflammation.-Britt, R. D., Jr., Thompson, M. A., Wicher, S. A., Manlove, L. J., Roesler, A., Fang, Y.-H., Roos, C., Smith, L., Miller, J. D., Pabelick, C. M., Prakash, Y. S. Smooth muscle brain-derived neurotrophic factor contributes to airway hyperreactivity in a mouse model of allergic asthma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2019|
- extracellular matrix
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology