Simultaneous bilateral laparoscopic nephrectomy with kidney transplantation in patients with ESRD due to ADPKD: A single-center experience

Nitin Abrol, Andrew Bentall, Vicente E. Torres, Mikel Prieto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic disease (ADPKD) may require bilateral nephrectomy (BN) in addition to kidney transplantation (KT) for symptom control. This study aims to compare simultaneous BNKT to contemporaneous controls by reviewing our cohort of ADPKD patients who underwent KT from a living donor from January 2014 to October 2019. Symptomatic patients who underwent laparoscopic BNKT were compared to KT alone. Clinical differences related to undertaking bilateral nephrectomies showed increased total kidney volumes (P <.001). We assessed operative parameters, complications, and clinical outcomes. The complications were classified according to the Clavien-Dindo system. In 148 transplant recipients, 51 underwent BNKT, and 97 KT alone. There was no difference in baseline demographics. BNKT recipients had longer cold ischemia time, required more ICU care, increased blood transfusions and longer hospital stays. The kidney function was similar in the first year in both groups, with no difference in delayed graft function, readmissions or severe grade III and IV complications within 3 months after surgery. Laparoscopic BNKT is safe and feasible at the time of living donor KT. Although higher acuity care is needed with a longer initial hospital stay, there are comparable posttransplant patient and allograft outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1513-1524
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • clinical research / practice
  • health services and outcomes research
  • kidney (allograft) function / dysfunction
  • kidney transplantation / nephrology
  • kidney transplantation: living donor
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • organ transplantation in general
  • surgical technique
  • urology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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