A method of heterotopic cardiac transplantation has been developed which is performed through a left thoracotomy and requires only two vascular anastomoses. Systemic heparinization and cardiopulmonary bypass are not necessary. Preliminary experiments demonstrated that this heterotopic transplant technique was effective for left ventricular assist; in some experiments, a multimode atrioventricular programmable pacemaker was used to provide sequential pacing for counterpulsation. This technique or similar techniques may have potential clinical benefit for patients with intractable left ventricular failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine