Signaling pathways in the induction of c-met receptor expression by its ligand scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor in human glioblastoma

R. Abounader, S. Ranganathan, B. Y.S. Kim, C. Nichols, J. Laterra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations


Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) and its tyrosine kinase receptor c-met are developmentally expressed, neuroprotective, and tumorigenic within the CNS. In the present study SF/HGF is shown to induce the expression of c-met in two human glioblastoma cell lines, U-373 MG and T98G, and the signaling pathways involved in this induction are dissected. SF/HGF activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and inhibition of either Ras or MAPK-kinase completely inhibited SF/HGF-mediated c-met induction. Inhibition of phospholipase-C (PLC) did not affect c-met induction in either cell line. Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) substantially reduced c-met induction by SF/HGF in T98G cells but had no effect in U-373 MG cells. Protein kinase C (PKC) inhibition reduced c-met induction in T98G cells but not in U-373 MG cells. SF/HGF induced the expression of c-fos and c-jun mRNA and increased the levels of AP-1 transcription factor in both cells lines as determined by AP-1-luciferase reporter expression. Transfection of either cell line with TAM-67, a dominant negative for the jun transactivation domain, completely inhibited AP-1 and c-met induction by SF/HGF. These results support a model of c-met induction by SF/HGF in human glioma cells that uniformly involves Ras, MAPK, and AP-1 and additionally involves PI3-kinase and PKC in some cell lines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1497-1508
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 19 2001



  • AP-1
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase
  • Phosphoinositide 3-kinase
  • Protein kinase C.
  • c-fos
  • c-jun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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