Skull base osteomyelitis in the setting of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is rare and entails significant diagnostic challenges. We present a case of a 65-year-old Caucasian man with a history of rheumatoid arthritis, off immunosuppression for 18 months, who presented with 2 years of chronic headaches, severe fatigue, saddle nose deformity and 20-kilogram unintentional weight loss. Maxillofacial CT revealed an extensive destructive sinonasal and erosive skull base process. Laboratory evaluation showed equivocal elevation of antiproteinase 3 antibodies with negative antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody panel. Biopsy of the skull base/clivus revealed necrotising granulomatous inflammation with focal vasculitis consistent with GPA, and multiple bone cultures were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This patient was diagnosed concurrently with GPA and P. aeruginosa skull base osteomyelitis. He was started on a 6-week course of cefepime intravenously and oral prednisone, with the plan to initiate rituximab infusion 2 weeks after initiation of antibiotic therapy.
- bone and joint infections
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