Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis and rubella in pregnant women attending antenatal private clinic at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Laure Stella Ghoma Linguissi, Bolni Marius Nagalo, Cyrille Bisseye, Thérése S. Kagoné, Mahamoudou Sanou, Issoufou Tao, Victoire Benao, Jacques Simporé, Bibiane Koné

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of toxoplasmosis and rubella among pregnant women at Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. Methods: All patient sera were tested for rubella and toxoplasmosis anti-IgG using commercial ELISA kits (Platelia™ Rubella IgG and Platelia™ Toxo IgG). The presence of anti-rubella and anti-toxoplasmosis IgM in serum samples was tested using commercial ELISA kits Platelia Rubella IgM and Platelia Toxo IgM. Results: Among all the pregnant women tested for toxoplasmosis and rubella, their prevalence were 20.3% and 77.0%, respectively. Pregnant women in the age group of 18-25 years showed the highest frequency of anti-toxoplasmosis (34.5%) and anti-rubella IgG (84.6%). The prevalence of anti-toxoplasma and anti-rubella IgG decreased between 2006 and 2008 from 32.7% to 12.1% and 84.6% to 65.0%, respectively. There was no significant association between age and the mean titer of anti-toxoplasmosis IgG among pregnant women. Conclusions: The diagnosis of toxoplasmosis and rubella is necessary in pregnant women in Burkina Faso because of the low immunization coverage rate of rubella and the high level of exposure to these two infections which can be harmful to the newborn if contracted by women before the third trimester of pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)810-813
Number of pages4
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume5
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

Keywords

  • Burkina Faso
  • IgG
  • Rubella
  • Seroprevalence
  • Toxoplasma gondii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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