Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is recommended for intermediate thickness melanoma, but for thick melanoma, guidelines are less definitive about the use of SLNB in this population. We present a study on thick melanoma evaluating for prognostic factors. Patients and Methods: The Sentinel Lymph Node Working Group database was queried for thick (> 4 mm) melanoma cases that had a SLNB from 1993 to 2018. Clinicopathologic characteristics were correlated with SLN status and melanoma-specific survival (MSS). Results: There were 1235 patients. Median follow-up was 28 months. Median thickness was 5.9 mm, with 956, 175, and 104 cases presenting thickness > 4–8, > 8–12, and > 12 mm, respectively. SLN metastases were seen in 439 of 1235 (35.5%) cases and in 33.9%, 40.6%, and 42.3% of melanomas > 4–8, > 8–12, and > 12 mm, respectively. In each thickness group, MSS was significantly worse for SLN-positive compared with SLN-negative cases (all P < 0.005). Multivariable analysis showed that SLN metastasis, male gender, increasing thickness, lymphovascular invasion, and microsatellitosis significantly predicted worse MSS for melanomas > 4–8 mm, with SLN metastasis showing the greatest risk (HR 2.17, 95% CI 1.64–2.87, P < 0.0001). For melanomas > 8 mm, only SLN metastasis significantly predicted MSS (> 8–12 mm: HR 3.93, 95% CI 2.00–7.73, P < 0.0001; > 12 mm: HR 3.58, 95% CI 1.56–8.22, p < 0.0027). Conclusions: Thick melanoma patients with SLN metastasis have significantly worse MSS compared with SLN-negative patients, even in the thickest cases, and SLN status is the most powerful and/or only predictor of MSS. Given these results, SLNB shows important prognostic value in this population and is indicated for clinically localized thick melanoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas