Selective cytotoxicity of low-density lipoprotein to helper t cells of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma after photoperoxidation with 8-methoxypsoralen

Eric T. Fossel, Joel G. Fletcher, Jan Mcdonagh, Kathleen K.S. Hui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lymphocyte-containing plasma subjected to photolysis in the presence of 8-methoxypsoralen (methoxsalen, 8-MOP) has previously been shown to be effective against cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and the AIDS-related complex. The mechanism of this effect was thought to involve photoreaction of 8-MOP with DNA, based on certain in vitro experiments. The results of this study suggest a different mechanism. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) from fresh human plasma was photosensitized by addition of 8-MOP and exposure to UV light (mp-LDL), and the reactions of the LDL lipids and the chemical actions induced by these reactions were monitored. In a separate procedure, LDL was peroxidized with hydrogen peroxide and peroxidase (P-LDL), mp-LDL and p-LDL were then tested in cytotoxicity assays on HuT-78 helper T cells of cutaneous T-cell lym-phoma. These results indicate that (a) LDL in plasma in the presence of very low concentrations of 8-MOP (200 ng/mL) can be peroxidized by UV light; (b) this photoperoxidized LDL is cytotoxic to helper T cells of cutaneous T-cell lymphocytes in a dose-dependent manner; but (c) it does not kill normal lymphocytes under similar conditions.The findings also suggest alternative therapeutic strategies for treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, such as direct utilization of peroxidized LDL. [J Natl Cancer Inst 83:1316-1321, 1991]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1316-1321
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume83
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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