The phosphatonin, secreted frizzled-related protein-4 (sFRP-4), induces phosphaturia and inhibits 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1α-hydroxylase activity normally induced in response to hypophosphatemia. To determine the mechanism by which sFRP-4 alters renal phosphate (Pi) transport, we examined the effect of sFRP-4 on renal brush border membrane (BBMV) Na+-dependent Pi uptake, and the abundance and localization of the major Na +-Pi-IIa co-transporter in proximal tubules and opossum kidney (OK) cells. Infusion of sFRP-4 increased renal fractional excretion of Pi and decreased renal β-catenin concentrations. The increase in renal Pi excretion with sFRP-4 infusion was associated with a 21.9 ± 3.4% decrease in BBMV Na+-dependent Pi uptake (P < 0.001) compared with a 39.5 ± 2.1% inhibition of Na +-dependent Pi transport in renal BBMV induced by PTH (P < 0.001). sFRP-4 infusion was associated with a 30.7 ± 4.8% decrease in Na+-Pi-IIa co-transporter protein abundance (P < 0.01) assessed by immunoblotting methods compared to a 45.4 ± 8.8% decrease induced by PTH (P < 0.001). In OK cells, sFRP-4 reduced surface expression of a heterologous Na+-Pi-IIa co-transporter. We conclude that sFRP-4 increases renal Pi excretion by reducing Na+-Pi-IIa transporter abundance in the brush border of the proximal tubule through enhanced internalization of the protein.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology|
|State||Published - Jan 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Physiology (medical)