Same-day Discharge Is Safe and Effective after Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction

Jacob B. Hammond, Olivia Thomas, Kristen Jogerst, Heidi E. Kosiorek, Alanna M. Rebecca, Patricia A. Cronin, William J. Casey, Erwin A. Kruger, Barbara A. Pockaj, Chad M. Teven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Same-day discharge after mastectomy is a recently described treatment approach. Limited data exist investigating whether same-day discharge can be successfully implemented in patients undergoing mastectomy with immediate implant-based breast reconstruction (IBR). Methods Patients having mastectomy with IBR from 2013 to 2019 were reviewed. Enhanced recovery with same-day discharge was implemented in 2017. Patient characteristics, oncologic treatments, surgical techniques, and 90-day postoperative complications and reoperations were analyzed comparing enhanced recovery patients with historical controls. Results A total of 363 patients underwent nipple-sparing (214, 59%) or skin-sparing (149, 41%) mastectomy with 1-stage (270, 74%) or tissue expander (93, 26%) IBR. Enhanced recovery was used for 151 patients, with 79 of these patients (52%) discharged same-day. Overall, enhanced recovery patients experienced a significantly lower rate of 90-day complications (21% vs 41%, P < 0.001), including hematoma (3% vs 11%, P = 0.002), mastectomy flap necrosis (7% vs 15%, P = 0.02), seroma (1% vs 9%, P < 0.001), and wound breakdown (3% vs 9%, P = 0.05). Postoperative complication rates did not significantly differ among enhanced recovery patients discharged same day. Postoperative admissions significantly decreased after enhanced recovery implementation (100% to 48%, P < 0.001), and admitted enhanced recovery patients experienced a lower length of stay (1.2 vs 1.8, P < 0.001). Enhanced recovery patients experienced a lower incidence of ≥1 unplanned reoperation (22% vs 33%, P = 0.01); overall average unplanned and total reoperations did not significantly differ between groups. Conclusions In conjunction with enhanced recovery practices, same-day discharge after mastectomy with IBR is a safe and feasible treatment approach.

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